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Male infertility

Male infertility is that disorder, usually characterized by the production of poorly developed spermatozoa or by the absence of them, whereby the male has an unfavourable performance in order to produce a pregnancy.

Currently the infertility rate affects approximately 15% of the couples of childbearing age. Of this 15%, 50% is due to causes related to male infertility.

Causes:

There are many possible causes that can lead to infertility in men. Defects in the reproductive system, diseases, hormonal disorders or trauma can affect your sexuality.

These are some of the factors our research on the diagnosis of male infertility at Cenyt Hospital is focused on:

Spermatozoa disorders are often one of the most common causes of male infertility: either spermatozoa with abnormal shape, unable to move, not fully developed, or problems such as oligospermia, production of a non-sufficient quantity of spermatozoa, or azoospermia that occurs when spermatozoa are not produced.

40% of infertile men have dilatation of the scrotal veins. This is possibly the most common amendable cause of male infertility. Dilated veins do not allow adequate flow of blood, and thus affect the development of spermatogonia. The varicoceles are easy to detect on a physical examination.

Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen, instead of being expelled by the urethra, enters the bladder and is then expelled through urine. It is a rare disorder. Its main symptoms are little or no expulsion of semen in ejaculation, turbid urine after orgasm and difficulty to fertilize.The causes of retrograde ejaculation can be physical, when the “bladder neck ” does not close, due to some medications, diabetes, or because of prostate or urethral surgery.

Caused by a man’s response to his own spermatozoa.

There can be an obstruction in any area of the male reproductive tract that prevents spermatozoa from being transported from the testicles to the urethra in order to be released. This is usually due to infections, previous surgeries, inflammations…

When the levels of hormones of the pituitary gland, which are responsible for stimulating the testicles to produce spermatozoa, are low, a lower development of spermatozoa can occur.

The structure and quantity of the chromosomes as well as deficiencies in the Y chromosome can also cause masculine infertility.

Diagnosis:

The specialists in sexual medicine at Cenyt Hospital begin the process of diagnosing male infertility with the patient’s medical history and a physical examination. Then it is usually accompanied by blood and semen analysis (semiogram). With the latter, the doctor already has tools to analyze the possible causes that are making it impossible to conceive on the male’s side.

infertilidad masculina Málaga

Treatments:

Every problem or pathology has its treatment, although it is true that there are severe cases in which there is no possibility of one. In many cases, there is a combination of medication, surgical treatments and assisted reproduction techniques that can help you overcome your fertility problem.

  • Surgery: Applicable in cases of Varicoceles and obstructions. They are usually minor surgeries, which do not require the patient’s hospitalization, and have very good results.
  • Medication: There are key drugs to correct retrograde ejaculation and immune infertility. Endocrine imbalances can also be corrected with hormone treatments with drugs/medication.

If these treatments do not achieve the desired results, the assisted reproduction specialists will put at your disposal a series of high technology assisted reproduction techniques such as intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

Schedule an appointment with our andrology specialists and win better Health, Self-esteem and Quality of Life.

Also check other problems related to male health such as:

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